What is Vertigo?

The term “vertigo” is derived from a Latin word meaning “in motion”. It is a symptom which causes one to feel as if they are in moving.

This supposed “movement” happens in two ways:

  • Subjective :where an individual feels as though s/he is moving
  • Objective: in this case an individual feels as though it is his or her surrounding that is moving

Both the above feelings can make one feel nauseated or dizzy.

Vertigo is therefore a condition in which a person experiences a loss of balance due to a tilting sensation, which is not real but just a perception.

What are the causes of vertigo?

Mostly this condition is associated with the following:

  • Onset of multiple sclerosis
  • Inflammation of the inner ear
  • Head trauma
  • Diabetes
  • Interruption of the flow of blood to the brain
  • Conflict in signals sent to the brain by the ears and the eyes


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Some of the symptoms of vertigo include:

It is worth noting that the symptoms below can be periodic or constant

  • Light-headedness: This is as a result of a short lived tilting sensation of a person or his surroundings. Individuals experiencing this symptom end up having fainting spells
  • Unsteadiness: One basically experiences a lack of equilibrium associated with the loss of balance.
  • Hearing challenges: This is mainly because vertigo is considered to happen when an in individual develops an infection or inflammation in his inner ear. There are instances when one may experience a “ringing” sound in his ear
  • Loss of consciousness: This is mostly associated with the  dizzy spell one experiences which make one have difficulties in walking
  • Visual disturbances: Mostly caused by the abnormal eye movements caused by the imbalances one experiences during the dizzy spell
  • Nausea and vomiting

Management of vertigo:

When an individual experiences any of the vertigo symptoms, effort should be made to provide the person with the required first aid before being referred to the hospital for a thorough medical check up.Most of the vertigo symptoms can be averted using the Epley manoeuvre.

The Epley manoeuvre refers to exercises where one is made to lie on coach,his/her head is turned 45 degrees to one side for 20 seconds,before being turned to the  other side.The patient is then slowly  made to sit up right.

In some situations,one may need to undergo a surgery to repair the inner ear.

It is thus essential for anyone who experiences vertigo to be examined by a specialist.

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