Given the rise in cases of diabetes amongst the young and old, there is need for people to go for routine medical check-ups to know their status.
Symptoms of Diabetes
The onset of diabetes is many at times undetectable. Hence reason why anyone with the following predisposing factors should go for a diabetes test:
- Family history of diabetes
- Excessive sweating
- Excessive urination
- Blurred vision
- Unexplained weight gain or loss
- Prolonged healing of wounds
- Persistent yeast infections e.g. candidiasis or urinary tract infections
The above symptoms do not necessarily mean an individual has diabetes, but are reason enough for one to go for a check up.
Given that diabetes is a chronic disease, it can be well managed if diagnosed early. Management of diabetes can be through drugs or diet.
Types of diabetes
There exist 2 types of diabetes though both of them can manifest with any of the symptoms mentioned above.
These 2 types are:
- Type 1 :This is when a person’s body is unable to control high sugar levels due to presence of insufficient insulin in the blood stream
- Type 2: This when there is too much insulin in one’s body which makes it hard for the body to accommodate the excess insulin hormones. This is also referred to as age related diabetes
Insulin plays a key role in transporting absorbed sugars into the blood stream, hence reason why diabetics are usually provided with medication that will either boost the production of this hormone or help in breaking down of sugars into the blood stream
The above two types of diabetes can be managed through change of lifestyle.
Management of diabetes:
Diabetes being a lifelong disease can easily be managed through proper diet.
Below are some of the tips diabetics should observe in so far as their diet is concerned:
- Consume high fibre diets
- Reduce on quantities of sugars consumed especially those refined
- Use honey instead of sugar(if a must)
- Eat fruits daily-avoid those with high sugar content, or eat them in moderation
- Drink plenty of water
- Eat at regular intervals
- Always carry glucose or sweets ,in case one experiences a dizzy spell
- Always eat a snack before retiring to bed
- Eat plenty of vegetables-green leafy in nature. Half of your food serving should be made of vegetables
- Avoid carbonated drinks, instead go for fresh fruit juices
- Have a balanced diet at all times by including food from all food groups in recommended portions
- Do not skip any meal
- Cook using unsaturated fats
- Reduce on amounts of fat consumed by baking or eating boiled foods
Finally persons suffering from diabetes are encouraged to have adequate rest, this helps keep the body from demanding quick energy fixes through eating sugars.
Diabetes can be managed, all that is required is one’s determination to lead a healthy and stress free lifestyle by following the above diet tips.